Nicaragua Quick Facts

Nicaragua Quick Facts

NICA works in five key areas to promote sustainability throughout Nicaragua. Below you will find several quick facts regarding these particular areas and the impetus behind the work we perform.


  • 2% of Nicaragua’s population could use the internet as of 2004
  • 10+ years required to complete primary-level education
  • 79% of primary school-aged children are enrolled
  • 29% of children complete primary-level education
  • 25-year-old curriculum used for primary and secondary education
  • Very limited basic materials or supplies available to teachers for instruction
  • Inadequate books and desks available to students

Health Care

  • Adolescent pregnancies account for 1 in 4 births nationally.
  • 33% of children have some degree of chronic malnutrition and 9% suffer from severe malnutrition
  • Public health care often fails to provide adequate care due to long wait times, lack of well-trained doctors and inadequate facilities
  • 53% of the U.S. population wears contacts or glasses, whereas in rural Nicaragua, it is rare to find anyone wearing glasses

Commerce Development

  • Nicaragua has a per-capita gross national product of $453
  • 1 in 4 households are led by single women
  • 45% of all income goes to the richest 10% of the country’s population, while only 14% goes to the poorest
  • The blue-collar workforce has left the country to find employment elsewhere
  • Many of the people who left during the 1980s have returned with well-educated children who are now entering the workforce where there is a shortage of jobs


  • Safe water and sanitation coverage continues to be low, particularly in rural areas and those with dispersed populations
  • Access to rural areas is often impossible due to impassable roads during the rainy season
  • Telecommunications and Internet service is not available in rural areas

Community Pride

  • Communities are not united to resolve problems
  • Litter fills every road in Nicaragua